Édouard Manet was born on January 23, 1832, to a wealthy family in the Parisian district of Saint-Germain-des-Prés. After attending the Poiloup Institute, he studied at the age of 12 with the acclaimed Collége Rollin and began to study drawing. After being rejected at the Naval Academy, he received his academic training from the Academy of Arts under Thomas Couture.
There was a break with the classicism of the academy and couture, so he left after 6 years and together with Albert de Balleroy own studio. Dissatisfied with conventional art a la couture, without the freedom of chance, he went in search of forms of representation. In the Louvre and traveling to the Netherlands, to Germany and Italy, and later also to Spain.
The painting "The Absinthe Drinker" is considered the first independent painting by the jury of the Paris salons rejected in 1859. " The Spanish singer" received honorable mention from the Salon jury in 1861.
In 1863, two major works of Manet, "Breakfast in the countryside" and "Olympia" . On the one hand, these were radically panned, scandalously labeled, derided and ridiculed, but at the same time they received the greatest recognition and became famous.
His role within the emerging avant-garde began to take effect, and those who found themselves joined longed for change. The new - the urge for freedom, new social order, new doctrine, new art form - first came together in small circles (among others with Baudelaire, Cezanne, Zola and Berthe Morisot) and became so great that he was proclaimed king of the Impressionists. but did not consider himself a member of this style.
From 1870, Manet worked closely with Claude Monet. He was inspired by him to open-air painting. Edouard Manet died on 30 April 1883 as a result of a leg amputation.